Moving Expense Deduction
If you move your home you may be able to deduct the cost of the move on your federal tax return next year. This may apply if you move to start a new job or to work at the same job in a new location. In order to deduct your moving expenses, your move must meet three requirements:
- Your move must closely relate to the start of work. In most cases, you can consider moving expenses within one year of the date you start work at a new job location. Additional rules apply to this requirement.
- Your move must meet the distance test. Your new main job location must be at least 50 miles farther from your old home than your prior job location. For example, let’s say that your old job was three miles from your old home. To meet this test, your new job must be at least 53 miles from your old home.
- You must meet the time test. If you’re an employee you must work full-time as an employee at your new job location for at least 39 weeks during the first year after the move. If you’re self-employed, you must work full-time (as self-employed or as an employee) for at least 39 weeks during the first year after the move and in addition you must work full-time at your new job location for a total of at least 78 weeks during the first two years. If your tax return is due before you meet the time test, you can still claim the deduction if you expect to meet it.
See Publication 521, Moving Expenses, for more information about the rules.
If you qualify for this deduction, here are a few more tips from the IRS:
- Travel. You can deduct certain transportation and lodging expenses while moving. This applies to costs for yourself and other household members while moving from your old home to your new home. You may not deduct your travel meal costs.
- Household goods and utilities. You can deduct the cost of packing, crating and shipping your property. This may include the cost to store or insure the items while in transit. You can deduct the cost to disconnect or connect utilities at your old and new homes.
- Expenses you can’t deduct. You may not deduct:
- ○ Any part of the purchase price of your new home.
- ○ The cost of selling your home.
- ○ The cost of breaking or entering into a lease.
See Publication 521 for more examples.
- Reimbursed expenses. If your employer later pays you for the cost of a move that you deducted on your tax return, you may need to include the payment as income. You must report any taxable amount on your tax return in the year you get the payment.
- Address change. When you move, make sure to update your address with the IRS and the U.S. Post Office. To notify the IRS, file Form 8822, Change of Address.
Premium Tax Credit – Changes in Circumstances. If you purchased health insurance coverage from the Health Insurance Marketplace, you may receive advance payments of the premium tax credit. It is important that you report changes in circumstances, such as when you move to a new address, to your Marketplace. Other changes that you should report include changes in your income, employment, family size, or eligibility for other coverage. Advance credit payments provide premium assistance to help you pay for the insurance you buy through the Marketplace. Reporting changes will help you get the proper type and amount of premium assistance so you can avoid getting too much or too little in advance.
You can get Publication 521 and Form 8822 on IRS.gov/forms at any time.
Additional IRS Resources:
- Publication 5152: Report changes to the Marketplace as they happen English | Spanish
- Can I Deduct My Moving Expenses? – Interactive Tax Assistant tool
- Tax Topic 455 – Moving Expenses
- Form 3903, Moving Expenses
- IRC §217
- Reg. §1.217-2
IRS YouTube Videos:
- Moving Expenses – English | Spanish | ASL
- Premium Tax Credit: Changes in Circumstances – English | Spanish | ASL